- 9.5 AMA PRA category 1 CME Credits
- printed diploma
- 12 chapters
- 9 hours of video content
VASCULAR LOWER EXTREMITY BACHELORCLASS
With the Vascular Lower Extremity BachelorClass you will gain a strong foundation and comprehensive introduction to performing and interpreting vascular ultrasound examinations.
After completing the Vascular Lower Extremity BachelorClass, you will be able to demonstrate scanning protocols for performing venous and arterial lower extremity vascular non-invasive ultrasound examinations.
The Vascular Lower Extremity BachelorClass is designed to provide you with a comprehensive introduction to lower extremity vascular sonography by guiding you through the essentials of establishing scan protocols as well as the lower extremity anatomy and its vascular ultrasound characteristics.
You will be trained to translate 3D anatomy to 2D images with emphasis placed on a thorough understanding of the principles underlying the Doppler examination and clinical applications using Color Doppler and Spectral Doppler techniques. Learn to identify normal venous and arterial anatomy during peripheral lower extremity ultrasound imaging while demonstrating the confidence to incorporate protocols, techniques & interpretation criteria to improve diagnostic and treatment accuracy in your practice. You will also learn about the relations between acoustic principles, haemodynamics, and the sonographic representation of major vessels and blood flow.
The Vascular Lower Extremity BachelorClass covers multiple indications that may be present in your patients’ examination, such as cardiac output, dehydration and infection, which can all affect the vascular system in different ways and aggravate existing conditions.
All of this knowledge will be made practical and easy to follow with several case studies to ensure a strong foundational understanding of a wide range of vascular conditions.
- Medical Students
- Physician Assistants
- Primary Care Physicians
- Vascular Surgeons
Basic and Advanced Ultrasound Concepts
In this first chapter we discuss the history of vascular disease, the importance of studying it, and its prevalence worldwide. Subsequently, we cover the professions to which this course is tailored and a chronological overview of the upcoming chapters. Prior to diving into the deep end of...
Clinical Ultrasound Concepts
A mastery of the technical and conceptual concepts regarding ultrasound imaging is not sufficient to create a competent sonographer. To truly excel, we must consider how we communicate with others. In order to answer the clinical questions, this chapter will provide a guideline regarding how...
Lower Extremity Arterial System
A thorough understanding of the peripheral arterial system is required to image the lower extremities. This chapter encompasses normal arterial anatomy, arterial physiology, and arterial hemodynamics.
Lower Extremity Arterial Pathology
Now that we have an understanding of normal peripheral arterial function, we have a foundation to learn how to differentiate between various peripheral arterial diseases. This chapter covers peripheral arterial pathology and the pathophysiology behind atherosclerosis, aneurysms, fibromuscular...
Lower Extremity Arterial Evaluation: Technical Protocol
This chapter covers the technical protocol for duplex evaluation of the lower extremity peripheral arterial system. We review how to orient via the anatomic landmarks. Subsequently, we review how to image the peripheral arterial system with B-mode, color Doppler, and sprectral pulsed wave...
Lower Extremity Arterial Evaluation: Abnormal Findings
This chapter covers duplex evaluation of lower extremity peripheral arterial pathology. We review how to image and document the pathological findings of stenosis, occlusion, and aneurysms via B-mode, color Doppler, and spectral Doppler.
Lower Extremity Venous System
A thorough understanding of the peripheral venous system is required to image the lower extremities. This chapter covers normal venous anatomy of the deep and superficial systems. Subsequently, this chapter covers venous physiology and venous hemodynamics.
Lower Extremity Venous Pathology
Now that we have an understanding of normal peripheral venous function, we have a foundation to learn how to differentiate between various peripheral venous diseases. This chapter covers peripheral venous pathology and the pathophysiology behind venous insufficiency, deep vein thrombosis,...
Lower Extremity Venous Patency Evaluation: Technical Protocol
This chapter covers the technical protocol for duplex evaluation of the lower extremity peripheral venous system. We review how to orient via the anatomic landmarks. Subsequently, we review how to image the peripheral venous system for patency with B-mode, color Doppler, and sprectral pulsed...
Lower Extremity Venous Insufficiency Evaluation: Technical Protocol
This chapter covers the duplex evaluation of the lower extremity peripheral venous system. We review how to orient via the anatomic landmarks. Subsequently, we review how to image the peripheral venous system for insufficiency with B-mode, color Doppler, and spectral pulsed wave Doppler.
Lower Extremity Venous Evaluation: Abnormal Findings
This chapter covers the technical protocol for duplex evaluation of the lower extremity peripheral venous pathology. We review how to image and document the pathological findings of deep vein thrombosis, deep venous insufficiency, and superficial venous insufficiency via B-mode, color Doppler...
Lower Extremity Functional Testing and Alternative Modalities
Functional arterial and venous testing is complementary to ultrasound imaging of the peripheral arterial and venous system. Together, these modalities allow us to paint a complete and vivid picture of the patient's peripheral arterial and venous pathology. This chapter covers ABI testing,...
Julie Cardoso, RDCS, RVT, RPhS
Lisa Amatangelo, MD, RVT, FACPh
Susan Gustavson, RVT, RDMS
Jose Antonio Diaz, MD, FAHA
Fedor Lurie, MD, PhD
Brad Stefanovic, PhD
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