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Vascular Lower Extremity BachelorClass

With the Vascular Lower Extremity BachelorClass you will gain a strong foundation and comprehensive introduction to performing and interpreting vascular ultrasound examinations.

You will be trained to translate 3D anatomy to 2D images with emphasis placed on a thorough understanding of the principles underlying the Doppler examination and clinical applications using Color Doppler and Spectral Doppler techniques. Learn to identify normal venous and arterial anatomy during peripheral lower extremity ultrasound imaging while demonstrating the confidence to in- corporate protocols, techniques & interpretation criteria to improve diagnostic and treatment accuracy in your practice. You will also learn about the relations between acoustic principles, haemodynamics, and the sonographic representation of major vessels and blood flow.

The Vascular Lower Extremity BachelorClass covers multiple indications that may be present in your patients’ examination, such as cardiac output, dehydration and infection, which can all affect the vascular system in different ways and aggravate existing conditions. All of this knowledge will be made practical and easy to follow with several case studies to ensure a strong foundational understanding of a wide range of vascular conditions.

Chapters

Basic and Advanced Ultrasound Concepts

56:25 Chapter 1

In this first chapter we discuss the history of vascular disease, the importance of studying it, and its prevalence worldwide. Subsequently, we cover the professions to which this course is tailored and a chronological overview of the upcoming chapters. Prior to diving into the deep end of vascular imaging, we must first undersand the basic ultrasound concepts. Basic ultrasound concepts entail a general overview of the ultrasound system then a more focused lens on individual ultrasound system functions. Furthemore, we will learn ...

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Clinical Ultrasound Concepts

26:48 Chapter 2

A mastery of the technical and conceptual concepts regarding ultrasound imaging is not sufficient to create a competent sonographer. To truly excel, we must consider how we communicate with others. In order to answer the clinical questions, this chapter will provide a guideline regarding how communicate with both the patient and the physician.

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Lower Extremity Arterial System

29:48 Chapter 3

A thorough understanding of the peripheral arterial system is required to image the lower extremities. This chapter encompasses normal arterial anatomy, arterial physiology, and arterial hemodynamics.

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Lower Extremity Arterial Pathology

34:20 Chapter 4

Now that we have an understanding of normal peripheral arterial function, we have a foundation to learn how to differentiate between various peripheral arterial diseases. This chapter covers peripheral arterial pathology and the pathophysiology behind atherosclerosis, aneurysms, fibromuscular dysplasia, and congenital anomalies.

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Lower Extremity Arterial Evaluation: Technical Protocol

42:47 Chapter 5

This chapter covers the technical protocol for duplex evaluation of the lower extremity peripheral arterial system. We review how to orient via the anatomic landmarks. Subsequently, we review how to image the peripheral arterial system with B-mode, color Doppler, and sprectral pulsed wave Doppler.

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Lower Extremity Arterial Evaluation: Abnormal Findings

01:14:48 Chapter 6

This chapter covers duplex evaluation of lower extremity peripheral arterial pathology. We review how to image and document the pathological findings of stenosis, occlusion, and aneurysms via B-mode, color Doppler, and spectral Doppler.

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Lower Extremity Venous System

27:55 Chapter 7

A thorough understanding of the peripheral venous system is required to image the lower extremities. This chapter covers normal venous anatomy of the deep and superficial systems. Subsequently, this chapter covers venous physiology and venous hemodynamics.

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Lower Extremity Venous Pathology

25:26 Chapter 8

Now that we have an understanding of normal peripheral venous function, we have a foundation to learn how to differentiate between various peripheral venous diseases. This chapter covers peripheral venous pathology and the pathophysiology behind venous insufficiency, deep vein thrombosis, superficial thrombophlebitis, and post-thrombotic luminal wall changes.

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Lower Extremity Venous Patency Evaluation: Technical Protocol

40:16 Chapter 9

This chapter covers the technical protocol for duplex evaluation of the lower extremity peripheral venous system. We review how to orient via the anatomic landmarks. Subsequently, we review how to image the peripheral venous system for patency with B-mode, color Doppler, and sprectral pulsed wave Doppler.

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Lower Extremity Venous Insufficiency Evaluation: Technical Protocol

1:14:01 Chapter 10

This chapter covers the duplex evaluation of the lower extremity peripheral venous system. We review how to orient via the anatomic landmarks. Subsequently, we review how to image the peripheral venous system for insufficiency with B-mode, color Doppler, and sprectral pulsed wave Doppler.

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Lower Extremity Venous Evaluation: Abnormal Findings

54:54 Chapter 11

This chapter covers the technical protocol for duplex evaluation of the lower extremity peripheral venous pathology. We review how to image and document the pathological findings of deep vein thrombosis, deep venous insufficiency, and superficial venous insufficiency via B-mode, color Doppler, and spectral Doppler.

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Lower Extremity Functional Testing and Alternative Modalities

50:11 Chapter 12

Functional arterial and venous testing is complementary to ultrasound imaging of the peripheral arterial and venous system. Together, these modalities allow us to paint a complete and vivid picture of the patient's peripheral arterial and venous pathology. This chapter covers ABI testing, segmental testing, and pulse-volume recording as well as air plethysmography testing. Furthermore, modern technology allows us to use alternative ultrasound modalities in order to improve our visualization of the peripheral venous system. This chapter also covers one of these modalities: intravascular ultrasound.

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